Lapland has the last remaining wilderness areas in Europe. With a total area of 731,589 hectares across 29 national parks, Sweden is practically one big national park. The first national park, Sarek, was established in 1909, the first of its kind in Europe. There’s a lot of lush, rolling countryside but mountain terrain rules and it covers almost 90% of the parks' combined area. Watch for eagle, moose, lynx, wolverine, the endangered Arctic fox and herds of reindeer. Lapland has mountain hiking areas through tundra, boulder fields, waterfalls and glacial rivers. Kebnekaise has Sweden’s highest mountain at 2,117 meters above sea level.
There are around 2,000 mountains and caves that can be explored throughout Sweden, a lot of which are highly suitable to visit and that will awaken the urge to embark on new thrilling adventures. Due to the northerly latitude of the Swedish mountains, head north to one of the three national parks of Swedish Lapland one of Sweden's many World Heritage Sites:
Sarek is 2,000 square kilometers of high alpine peaks, valleys and foaming rivers - and nothing else. The national park is popular with hikers and mountaineers, but not suitable for beginners and borders the national parks Stora Sjöfallet and Padjelanta. Most notably, the national park houses a number of high mountains of over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). In fact, 6 of Sweden's 13 peaks over 2,000 meters are located inside the boundaries of the national park. There are around 100 glaciers in Sarek National Park. The national park is roughly circular with an average diameter of about 50 kilometres (31 mi). The park has no marked trails, no accommodations, and only two bridges. Furthermore, the area is among the most rainy in Sweden, which makes hiking dependent on weather conditions. It is also not uncommon to encounter streams that are hard and dangerous to wade across without proper experience. Experience the total silence of nature, being all alone together in this grand mountain wilderness.
Padjelanta was established in 1963. largest national park in Sweden with an area of 1,984 km2, and part of the UNESCO World Heritage. The park, which borders on Norway in the west, is primarily comprised by a vast plateau around the two unusually large lakes – the latter of which is often referred to as "the most beautiful lake in Sweden". The national park offers lakes and vast tracts of open landscape, and it is one of the two of the biggest national parks. For excellent hiking in the grand mountains. Padjelanta, due to its flourishing meadows and fish filled lakes has long been attractive to humans and the park has been inhabited ever since the Stone age. Even today the lakes are utilized for fishing by the Sámi people. Most of the park is situated above the tree line meaning few species of trees can survive the harsh climate of the park. The diversity of the flora is extremely high, nonetheless: over 400 different lower plants species have been cataloged in the area, which reportedly is a record in the Swedish highlands. Padjelanta hosts a very limited number of mammals, a low variety of different species, almost all of which have small populations. The mammals that do exist are mostly lemmings and reindeers, as well as the predators that eat them; in this case the wolverine and the arctic fox, respectively, both being permanently resident in the park. Nature is powerful and makes us feel small, its silence leads us back to who we are and where we come from.
Stora Sjöfalletis known for its forest and alpine peaks. The national park is 1278 km² and thereby the third largest in Sweden. It's located about 20 kilometers above the Arctic circle. The park's highest peak is 2015 meters above sea level and is a part of the mountain massif Áhkká which has 13 peaks and 10 glaciers totally. The global warming makes the glaciers melt with 10 meters each year
Northern Sweden, including legendary Swedish Lapland, is unique. Where else can you sit around the campfire with your guide, sharing stories of your day’s adventure, and sampling local delicacy souvas. Or gaze in wonder at the Northern Lights. In summertime go fly-fishing for salmon and arctic char in the midnight sun, or lace up your hiking boots and tackle one of the world-famous hiking areas.
Lapland - Safe Fare - Summer
The majority of Lapland's nature is actual wilderness, with few or no paths, numerous mountains, endless forrest, lakes, rivers and glaciers. The very clear air means that it can be hard to judge distances; it is often a lot further to a given point than you might think. Probably the most important rules in any situation is - if you have the slightest doubt, don't do it.
The water flow in Lapland's rivers can vary a lot. A small stream can turn into a gushing river if it starts to rain. The rivers from glaciers vary significantly depending on the temperature. The water flow in these rivers is typically calmest in the morning and roughest late in the afternoon. Keep your hiking boots on, and gushing water should never reach higher than your knees. If it is very important to cross a river, and you are unsure whether you can, tie a rope to the person crossing. Should he/she fall in, they can be pulled to safety by the group of at least three persons. The rope should be doubled up so that everyone can use it to get across.
All glaciers have crevices. A glacier with snow has hidden crevices and you should therefore avoid walking on a snow-covered glacier unless you have at least three people in your group with complete glacier equipment (braces, rope, ice axes, crampons and equipment for glacier crevice rescue). The lower lying glaciers in the summer often have no snow on them, then you can sometimes walk quite safely on them. You should however be equipped with crampons on your hiking boots as well as have a hiking stick. NEVER walk without a rope on snow-covered areas of a glacier!
Wind and weather
The weather is often good and stable in the summer. The weather forecasts are more or less reliable 3-4 days ahead. If you get bad weather for several days, demanding a strong body and high skill level to proceed. We recommend you enjoy the time in the tent.